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Cite Sources

Style manuals and online help

Metro State MLA handouts

Citing Indigenous oral knowledge

MLA style 9th edition provides guidelines in citing oral communications and Indigenous oral teachings. They are based on the models offered in the following article.

MacLeod, Lorisia. "More Than Personal Communication: Templates for Citing Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers." KULA: Knowledge Creation, Dissemination, and Preservation Studies, vol. 5, no. 1, 2021,

The Metro Writing Center offers this handout with examples on Citing Indigenous Oral Teachings.

Writing and Grammar