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Cite Sources

Published manual

Metro State APA handouts

APA style help online

Citing Indigenous oral knowledge

Official APA style provides guidelines in citing oral communications, but some scholars think this falls short of adequate description of oral Indigenous sources and oral traditions. This article offers APA and MLA type alternative formats for citing oral sources.

MacLeod, L. (2021). More than personal communication: Templates for citing Indigenous elders and knowledge keepers. KULA: Knowledge Creation, Dissemination, and Preservation Studies, 5(1),

The Metro Writing Center offers this handout with examples on Citing Indigenous and Knowledge Keeper Oral Teachings.

Writing and Grammar